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Study skills > Module 5 > Page 8


Transition words

Adapted from Moran and Cottrell

A key skill of successful and effective writing is to ensure that your ideas flow smoothly between paragraphs. This is achieved by using “transition words” (Moran, 132) Below is a selection of these words which can be used to link your paragraphs or ideas and deliver this flow.

Adding to a point already made:

  • also; moreover; furthermore; again; further; what is more; then; in addition,
  • besides; above all; too; as well (as), next
  • either; neither…nor; not only…but also; similarly; in the same way; indeed.
  • in fact; really; in reality; it is found that…
  • as for; as to; with respect to; regarding,

Writing in lists:

  • first(ly); second(ly); third(ly)…
  • another; yet another; in addition; finally,
  • to begin with; in the second place;
  • moreover; additionally; also;
  • next; then; and to conclude; lastly; finally;

Putting the same idea in a different way:

  • in other words; rather; or; better; in that case
  • to put it (more) simply
  • in view of this; with this in mind
  • to look at this another way

Introducing examples:

  • that is to say; in other words;
  • for example; for instance; namely; an example of this is
  • and; as follows; as in the following examples; such as; including;
  • especially; particularly; in particular; notably; chiefly; mainly; mostly

Introducing an alternative viewpoint:

  • by/in contrast; another way of viewing this is; alternatively; again; rather; one alternative is; another possibility is, but
  • on the one hand…on the other hand
  • conversely; in comparison; on the contrary; in fact; though; although

Returning to emphasise an earlier point:

  • however; nonetheless; in the final analysis; despite x; notwithstanding x; in spite of x
  • while x may be true, nonetheless
  • although; though; after all; at the same time; on the other hand; all the same; even if x is true; although x may have a good point

Useful phrases to introduce references:

  • as x points out…
  • to quote from x…
  • x states/suggests that…
  • x tells/shows us that…
  • in an article entitled Name of Text, X makes the point that…
  • referring to…, X says that…
  • as X stated/wrote/said…
  • in Name of Text, X wrote that…
  • writing in Name of Text, X explained that…
  • writing in 1926, X argued that…

Showing the results of something:

  • Therefore; accordingly; as a result
  • So (then), it can be seen that
  • The result is, the consequence is
  • Resulting from this; consequently; now
  • We can see, then, that; it is evident that
  • Because of this; thus; hence; for this reason; owing to x; this suggests that; it follows that
  • In other words, otherwise, in that case, that implies

Summing up or concluding:

  • therefore; so, my conclusion is
  • in short; in conclusion; to conclude; in all; on the whole;
  • to summarise; to sum up briefly; in brief; altogether; overall; thus; thus we can see that

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